Can a good Jew or Hindu be saved?
Duck asked in a comment on my posting Models of the Atonement:
But what does it say about your theology that a good Jew or Hindu will be damned to eternal suffering but a bad Christian will be saved?Well, I have not quite said this. First, I have not mentioned "eternal suffering", and there is an ongoing debate among Christians over whether those who are not saved suffer for ever or are simply annihilated. I don't intend to get into that debate now. But more importantly, by God's standards there is no such thing as a good Jew (except for Jesus), or a good Hindu, or for that matter a good Christian. All people have done wrong things and fall short of God's standards. As a result none deserve to be saved or receive anything good from God. It is God's free gift, his "grace", to offer salvation although it is not deserved. And this is his offer to everyone, including Jews and Hindus. But God doesn't force anyone to accept this gift, and many people don't. They are not saved because they reject the offer of salvation. That is not God's problem but theirs - and yours, Duck.
I accept that there is an issue here about those of other religions, or none, who have never heard the Christian message. Just as Abraham was saved for responding in faith to what he had heard of God's message, so also I believe that many who do not profess Christianity now will be saved because they have responded to the light about God which they have received, through God's general revelation and to some extent through other religions. They are not saved by their other religions, but only through the death of Jesus Christ. But I believe they can be saved without explicitly calling on Jesus Christ, and certainly without changing their outward religious identity to become Christians. However, this is no excuse for those who do clearly hear the good news about Jesus and reject it.
This is a very brief summary of a very difficult issue!